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Plica Syndrome 

A small area of the knee is called the plica, and it can be the source for knee pain.

What is Plica Syndrome?

Plica Syndrome is characterized by the inflammation and swelling of the synovial cavity which is present in between the joints, which results in the irritation of the muscles of the knee. During the second trimester of fetal development, this plica (a fold in the thin tissue that lines the knee joint) normally shrinks by itself. However in some individuals it becomes more prominent and prone to infection.

Plica Syndrome

Signs and Symptoms of Plica Syndrome

Most patients present with pain in the affected area, swelling, muscle tearing, weakness and tenderness and burning sensations due to friction.

Causes of Plica Syndrome

The most common causes are:

  • The plica fails to shrink during fetal life.
  • Loss of synovial fluid in the synovial cavity which produces the friction
  • Damage of the tendons and ligaments of knee

The associated risk factors include:

  • Congenital factors
  • Tearing of muscles due to trauma or injury
  • Bone disorders such as arthritis and osteoarthritis

Statistics and Epidemiology related to Plica Syndrome

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