Understanding Ankle and Foot Pain At Motion Health Centre

Healthy ankle and foot function occurs when all the muscles, joints, and kinematic chain work in balance, alignment and coordination. Gain knowledge on common ankle and foot pain problems and how they normally work.

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Is ankle or foot pain taking the skip out of your step?

Ankle or foot pain can significantly affect our ability to move comfortably and naturally, taking the skip out of our step. Both ankle and foot pain have various causes and can result from injuries, overuse, or underlying medical conditions. Common causes include sprained ankles, Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and arthritis.

At Motion Health Centre, we don't just treat the symptoms; we focus on addressing the root cause of your ankle or foot pain. Through a combination of hands-on therapy, targeted exercises, and lifestyle recommendations, we aim to optimize your recovery and prevent future injuries. Our goal is to restore the skip to your step and help you regain pain-free movement and function in your ankles and feet.

What to Know About Ankle and Foot Pain and Dysfunction

Ankle and foot pain can significantly impact our daily lives, hindering our ability to walk, run, and engage in various activities comfortably. Whether caused by an injury, overuse, or underlying medical conditions, ankle and foot pain can be disruptive and affect our overall quality of life. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for ankle and foot pain is crucial in seeking proper care and finding relief.

Healthy Ankle and Foot Function

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Summary of Healthy Ankle and Foot Function

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Common Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Ankle and Foot Pain

Ankle and foot pain can present with a variety of signs and symptoms, depending on the underlying cause. Some common indicators include pain or discomfort in the affected area, swelling, bruising, tenderness to touch, and difficulty bearing weight or walking. In some cases, individuals may also experience limited range of motion, stiffness, or a sensation of instability in the ankle or foot.

Signs Your Ankle and Foot is Unhealthy and Not Functioning at Its Best:

  • Pain or discomfort in the ankle or foot, either at rest or during movement
  • Instability or feeling of giving way in the ankle or foot
  • Difficulty walking, running, or participating in activities
  • Difficulty bearing weight
  • Gradual worsening of symptoms over time or persistent pain that doesn't improve with rest

Symptoms of Ankle and Foot Pain

  • Swelling or inflammation around the affected area
  • Bruising or discoloration
  • Stiffness or limited range of motion
  • Tenderness to touch or pressure
  • Numbness or tingling sensations

Causes of Ankle and Foot Pain

Ankle and foot pain can have various causes, ranging from acute injuries to chronic conditions. One common cause of ankle and foot pain is sprains, which occur when the ligaments supporting the ankle joint stretch or tear. This can happen due to a sudden twisting or rolling motion of the foot, leading to pain, swelling, and difficulty in bearing weight. Another common cause is plantar fasciitis, which involves inflammation of the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that connects the heel to the toes. This condition often leads to intense heel pain, especially in the morning or after long periods of inactivity. Additionally, other causes of ankle and foot pain can include fractures, tendonitis, Achilles tendon rupture, arthritis (such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis), gout, nerve impingements, and certain systemic conditions like diabetes or peripheral artery disease.

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All you need to know about natural ankle and foot pain relief and improved function at Motion Health Centre

At the Motion Health Centre, we prioritise your comfort and well-being. Whether it's ankle or foot pain, our comprehensive guide leaves no stone unturned. Discover natural relief methods and learn how to enhance functionality without compromising your daily routines. We offer innovative techniques backed by research and numerous success stories.

Common Ankle and Foot Pain Conditions

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Ankle and foot joint conditions encompass a wide range of issues such as ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinitis, bunions, arthritis, and stress fractures, all of which can cause pain, inflammation, and limitations in mobility.


Ankle and foot muscle conditions include conditions like tibialis posterior tendonitis, peroneal tendonitis, calf muscle strains, and muscle imbalances, which can result in pain, weakness, and limited function in the ankle and foot area.


Ankle and foot nerve-related conditions encompass conditions such as tarsal tunnel syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and Morton's neuroma, which can cause symptoms like pain, tingling, numbness, and burning sensations in the ankle and foot due to nerve compression or damage.

Ankle and Foot Anatomy

Skeletal Anatomy of Ankle and Foot

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The ankle and foot are intricate structures composed of bones that provide stability, support, and mobility. Understanding the skeletal anatomy of the ankle and foot is crucial in comprehending how these structures function and how they may be impacted by injuries or conditions.

The ankle joint, or talocrural joint, is formed by the tibia (shinbone), fibula (smaller bone in the lower leg), and the talus bone of the foot. This joint allows for dorsiflexion (bringing the foot upward) and plantarflexion (pointing the foot downward). The tibia forms the medial malleolus, a bony prominence on the inner side of the ankle, while the fibula forms the lateral malleolus on the outer side. These malleoli provide crucial stability to the ankle joint and serve as attachment points for ligaments.

Moving down to the foot, it consists of three main regions: the hindfoot, midfoot, and forefoot. The hindfoot comprises the talus bone and the calcaneus bone, commonly known as the heel bone. The talus connects the hindfoot to the leg bones, while the calcaneus provides support and cushioning during weight-bearing activities. The midfoot includes five tarsal bones that function as a bridge between the hindfoot and forefoot. These bones include the navicular, cuboid, and three cuneiform bones. Finally, the forefoot encompasses the metatarsals, which are long bones that connect to the toes, as well as the phalanges, which make up the toes.

Muscle Anatomy of Ankle and Foot

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Understanding the muscle anatomy of the ankle and foot is essential as it plays a crucial role in movement and stability. Several muscles and tendons work together to allow plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, eversion, inversion, and toe movements.

In the posterior compartment of the lower leg, the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles form the Achilles tendon, which attaches to the calcaneus (heel bone) and plays a significant role in plantar flexion, enabling us to stand on our toes or push off during walking or running. The posterior tibialis muscle also assists in plantar flexion and supports the arch of the foot.

In the anterior compartment, the tibialis anterior muscle enables dorsiflexion, allowing us to lift the foot. This muscle also assists in inverting the foot. The extensor digitorum longus and extensor hallucis longus muscles help extend the toes and also contribute to foot dorsiflexion.

On the outer side of the leg, the peroneus or fibularis muscles (longus, brevis, and tertius) help to evert the foot, turning the sole outwards, and assist in plantarflexion. These muscles' tendons course behind the lateral malleolus and attach to various points on the foot.

Just as with any other body part, maintaining healthy muscles around the ankle and foot is essential. Strains or imbalances can lead to foot and ankle pain, instability, or alterations in gait. The understanding of the muscle anatomy of the ankle and foot can assist in identifying potential sources of pain and dysfunction, informing treatment strategies.

Related Articles About Ankle and Foot Pain, Function, Treatment and Solutions 

At Motion Health Centre, we take a "holistic" approach to the assessment and management of your ankle or foot issues.Not only do we aim to free you from pain, we also help you enjoy health and motion to your fullest potential, with long term results.

Let Us Help

Whether your condition is new or long-standing, we can help. If you want to be free from Ankle and Foot Pain don't hesitate to call us to book a "Your Motion Matters" Initial Case Review today, for a pain free tomorrow.


Ankle & Foot Conditions Sydney CBD, North Sydney, Bondi NSW | (02) 9934 9979

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