Understanding Wrist and Hand Pain At Motion Health Centre

Healthy wrist and hand function occurs when all the muscles, joints, and kinematic chain work in balance, alignment and coordination. Gain knowledge on common wrist and hand pain problems and how they normally work.

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Is wrist or hand pain affecting everything you do throughout the day? Have you been diagnosed with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Shoulder pain can hit you for six, especially if you’re usually active, or play sports that require full range of motion of the arms. Motion Health Centre and our expert Sports Chiropractors and Trigenics Practitioners, have the experience and ability to offer quality treatment on this region of the body; in the Sydney CBD.

Our practitioners look at your body as a whole system. We holistically take in to account other possibilities that could be causing your shoulder issues. Knowledgeable Sports and Trigenics® Chiropractors at Motion Health Centre provide a complete approach to effective and long lasting shoulder pain relief, that focuses on the real causes of your pain, not just the symptoms.

What to Know About Wrist and Hand Pain and Dysfunction

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Healthy Wrist and Hand Function

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Summary of Healthy Wrist and Hand Function

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Common Signs, Symptoms and Causes of Wrist and Hand Pain

Wrist and hand pain can be a common complaint experienced by individuals of all ages and occupations. It can significantly impact daily activities and impair functionality, making it crucial to identify the signs, symptoms, and causes of such pain. Understanding these aspects can help individuals seek appropriate medical attention, improve their overall wrist and hand health, and prevent potential complications.

Signs Your Wrist and Hand is Unhealthy and Not Functioning at Its Best:

  • Pain and discomfort
  • Limited range of motion making unable to do daily tasks
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Instability or joint clicking
  • Stiffness and joint pain
  • Weak grip strength

Symptoms of Wrist and Hand Pain

  • Persistent or intermittent pain
  • there may be a loss of sensation in the hand or forearm
  • Hand and forearm pain an lead to reduced dexterity and fine motor skills
  • Inflammatory conditions or infections may cause redness or warmth

Causes of Wrist and HandPain

Wrist and hand pain can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from acute injuries to chronic conditions. One common cause of wrist and hand pain is overuse or repetitive strain injuries. Activities that involve repetitive movements, such as typing, using a computer mouse, or playing a musical instrument, can lead to conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome or tendinitis. These conditions occur when the tendons or nerve in the wrist or hand become irritated or inflamed due to excessive or improper use.

Additionally, traumatic injuries such as fractures, sprains, or strains can also cause wrist and hand pain. These injuries may occur from a fall, sports-related activities, or accidents. Fractures can be particularly painful and may require immediate medical attention to ensure proper healing. Other causes of wrist and hand pain include arthritis, which can cause joint inflammation and pain, as well as nerve-related conditions like cubital tunnel syndrome or radial tunnel syndrome. These conditions occur when there is compression or irritation of the nerves in the wrist or forearm, leading to pain, tingling, or numbness in the hand and fingers.

All you need to know about natural wrist and hand pain relief and improved function at Motion Health Centre

Arm yourself with the tools to boost functionality and eliminate pain. Restore your hands and wrists vitality, naturally and effectively.

Common Wrist and Hand Pain Conditions

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Functional wrist and hand conditions refer to disorders or injuries that directly impact the normal functioning and range of motion of the hand and wrist.


Wrist and hand joint conditions refer to various disorders and diseases that affect the joints within the wrist and hand, leading to pain, inflammation, and reduced mobility.

Wrist and Hand Anatomy

Skeletal Anatomy of Wrist and Hand

A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.

The skeletal anatomy of the wrist and hand is a complex structure that consists of multiple bones, joints, and ligaments. Understanding the skeletal anatomy is crucial to comprehending the function and potential sources of pain or injuries in this area.

The wrist is composed of eight small carpal bones arranged in two rows. The proximal row, closer to the forearm, consists of the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, and pisiform bones. The distal row, closer to the hand, consists of the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate bones. These carpal bones form the carpal tunnel, a passageway that houses tendons and the median nerve.

Moving towards the hand, the carpal bones connect with the metacarpal bones, which form the palm of the hand. There are five metacarpal bones, numbered one to five from the thumb side to the pinky side. Each metacarpal bone articulates with the corresponding phalanges, which are the finger bones. The thumb has two phalanges (proximal and distal) while the other fingers have three (proximal, middle, and distal).

Ligaments play a crucial role in stabilizing the wrist and hand joints. The wrist joint is supported by several ligaments, including the radiocarpal ligaments, which connect the radius bone of the forearm to the carpal bones, and the ulnocarpal ligaments, which connect the ulna bone to the carpal bones. These ligaments provide stability and allow for smooth movement of the wrist joint. In the hand, there are also numerous ligaments that connect the various bones, providing stability and facilitating precise movements.

Overall, the skeletal anatomy of the wrist and hand is a delicate and intricate structure that enables a wide range of movements and functions. The interplay between the carpal, metacarpal, and phalangeal bones, along with the ligaments, allows for the fine motor skills and dexterity essential for activities of daily living. Maintaining the health and proper alignment of these skeletal structures is important for ensuring optimal wrist and hand function and reducing the risk of injury.

Muscle Anatomy of Wrist and Hand

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The muscle anatomy of the wrist and hand is complex and consists of several muscles that work together to provide movement and stability. Here are some important muscles in the wrist and hand:

1. Flexor muscles: These muscles are located on the palm side of the forearm and help flex the wrist and fingers. Some key flexor muscles in the wrist include the flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, and palmaris longus. The flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus muscles are responsible for flexing the fingers.

2. Extensor muscles: Found on the backside of the forearm, these muscles help extend the wrist and fingers. Important extensor muscles in the wrist include the extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, and extensor carpi ulnaris. The extensor digitorum muscle extends the fingers.

3. Intrinsic hand muscles: These muscles are located within the hand and are responsible for fine motor control and precision movements. Examples of intrinsic hand muscles include the thenar muscles, which control movement of the thumb, and the hypothenar muscles, which control movement of the pinky finger. Other intrinsic hand muscles include the interosseous muscles, which control movements between the fingers, and the lumbrical muscles, which assist in finger flexion and extension.

4. Pronator muscles: The pronator teres and pronator quadratus muscles are located in the forearm and are responsible for pronating or turning the palm downward.

5. Supinator muscles: The supinator muscle, along with the biceps brachii, helps in supination, which is the movement of turning the palm upward.

6. Thenar and hypothenar muscles: These muscle groups are located at the base of the thumb and pinky finger, respectively. They control fine motor movements and contribute to grip strength.

7. Thumb muscles: The thumb is controlled by various muscles, including the abductor pollicis brevis, adductor pollicis, flexor pollicis brevis, and opponens pollicis, which work together to allow for thumb movements such as opposition, flexion, abduction, and adduction.

Understanding the muscle anatomy of the wrist and hand is essential for diagnosing and treating conditions and injuries in this area. Proper functioning and coordination of these muscles are vital for everyday activities and manual tasks, emphasizing the importance of maintaining their strength and flexibility.

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Motion Health Centre’s Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Program

Motion Health Centre plays a significant role in addressing and managing hand and wrist problems. Our team are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat various conditions and injuries affecting the hand and wrist. They utilize a multidisciplinary approach to provide comprehensive care and support to patients.

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If you want to be free from Carpal Tunnel don’t hesitate to call us to book a “Your Motion Matters” Initial Case Review today, for a pain free tomorrow.


Wrist and Hand Conditions Sydney CBD, North Sydney, Bondi NSW | (02) 9934 9979

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