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Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis

Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis is a hip condition that affects teens and pre-teens. It occurs when the head of the femur or leg bone, slips down the growth plate of the hip. 

What is Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis?

Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis is when the ball joint of the femur slips down and backward off the neck of the bone at the growth plate. The Epiphysis is another name for the ball end of the femur, particularly in relation to the growth plate (physis) and the shaft of the bone (metaphysis). 

There are two types of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis:

  1. Stable - the patient is able to still put weight on his/her leg, with or without crutches. This is the majority of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis cases
  2. Unstable - the patient is not able to put any weight on their leg, with or without crutches. This is a more severe form of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis, and can lead to more complications.. 

Slipped Femoral Capital Epipysis

Signs and Symptoms of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis

Children with Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis may have the following symptoms:

  • pain in the hip, knee or groin, that gets worse with activity
  • stiffness in the hip
  • foot/leg that is turned outwards
  • walking with a limp
  • one leg looking shorter than the other
  • cannot put any weight on the affected leg
  • foot/leg that is turned outwards

Causes of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis

The exact cause of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis is unknown. There are a few risk factors that can increase the likelihood of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis:

  • Excessive weight or obesity - most patients are in the 95th percentile for weight
  • Family history of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
  • Endocrine disorders, such as osteodystrophy, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and growth hormone deficiency
  • Renal or kidney disorders
  • A fall or injury to the hip

Statistics and Epidemiology to Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis

Up to 2 in 5 cases of Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis affect both hips.

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How MHC Treatment Options Can Help Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis

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