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Sacroiliac Joint Pain

SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain (also known as Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction or Sacroiliitis), occurs when the joints linking the pelvis and sacrum either become stiff, or move excessively, and cause pain.

What is Sacroiliac Joint Pain?

Your Sacroiliac Joints (SIJs) are a critical linkage system between your lower spine and pelvis. The sacrum (tailbone) connects on the right and left sides of the ilia (pelvic bones) to form your sacroiliac joints. Due to the substantial weight-bearing forces placed upon this area, your sacroiliac joints are a reasonably stiff link between the pelvic bones and allow only a few degrees of movement. But that subtle movement is healthy and very important - it helps to stabilise and support the pelvis, helps transmit your weight of your upper body to your legs, and acts as a 'shock absorber' when walking and running.

SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain occurs when the joints experience either excessive motion or stiffness, which causes an imbalance to the normal movement, stresses the joint, and causes pain.

SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain

Signs and Symptoms of SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain

Signs and symptoms of SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain include:

  • Pain in lower back, buttocks, hip, groin and/or legs
  • Sciatica
  • Pain usually worse when sitting or walking, improved when lying down
  • Can be painful during daily activities, such as bending forward, stair climbing, rising from seated position
  • Can be pain during intercourse and menstruation for women

Causes of SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain

The most common cause of SI joint dysfunction is injury from a car accident or fall.  But it can also happen from:

  • Sports injuries such as a football tackle
  • Stress or injury to the joint over and over, such as from jogging for many years
  • Older age
  • One leg that’s shorter than the other
  • A spinal injury
  • Scoliosis (abnormal curvature of the spine)
  • Spinal surgery, especially operations that fuse the lower part of the spine, called the sacrum
  • Pregnancy. The hormones that a woman’s body makes near the time of delivery can cause the pelvis to relax and change position. Weight gain, changes in posture, and the childbirth process can also cause problems in the joint.

Half of people with SI joint pain can trace it back to a specific event, like that car accident or sports injury. Other times, though, there's no obvious reason for the problem.

Statistics and Epidemiology related to SIJ - Sacroiliac Joint Pain

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