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Shoulder Arthritis

Arthritis refers to biomechanical changes within a joint, usually leading to muscular and joint pain. There are five different types of shoulder arthritis. However, the most common type of shoulder arthritis is Shoulder Osteo-Arthritis.

What is Shoulder Arthritis?

There are five major types of Shoulder Arthrtitis, including Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rotator Cuff Arthropathy, Post-traumatic Arthritis and Avascular Necrosis. However, the most prevalent form of Shoulder Arthritis is Shoulder Osteo-Arthritis.

Shoulder Osteo-Arthritis, also known as Degenerative Joint Disease, occurs when the cartilage surrounding the ends of the bones in the shoulder breaks down, or degenerates. When this occurs, movement of the shoulder can cause the bones to rub together and create pain and dysfunction. This can occur at the top of the shoulder, at the Acromioclavicular Joint or at the ball and socket joint of the shoulder, known as the Glenohumeral joint.  

Shoulder Arthritis - Glenohumeral Osteoarthritis

Signs and Symptoms of Shoulder Arthritis

Signs and symptoms of Shoulder Arthritis can take months and even years to appear, depending on the rate of degeneration. The common signs and symptoms are:

  • Shoulder pain
  • Stiffness or loss of motion
  • A feeling of the shoulder 'catching' on an otherwise fluid movement
  • A popping or crunching sound on rotation of the shoulder, also known as crepitus
  • Weakness and muscle atrophy
  • Swelling
  • Increased stiffness or pain after inactivity

As the bone and cartilage degenerates, it is common for bones in the shoulder to produce excess cells, to make up for the loss. These abnormal growths, or osteophytes or bone spurs, can result in more bone-on-bone friction, causing more pain. 

Bone lesions are also common with shoulder osteo-arthritis, and can develop under the damaged cartilage. These represent areas where healthy bone tissue has been replaced with abnormal bone tissue. However, they are not always permanent. 

In Acromioclavicular Shoulder Arthritis, it can also cause minor shoulder dislocations at the acromion. 

Causes of Shoulder Arthritis

Most people with shoulder arthritis will have one or more of the following risk factors:

  • Current or past shoulder joint injury, such as dislocation, clavicular fracture 
  • Repeated activities that exacerbate shoulder joint stress and chronic injury
  • Advanced age
  • Congenital defect
  • Autoimmune arthritis or other illness
  • Gout
  • Gender
  • Obesity
  • Genetics

Statistics and Epidemiology related to Shoulder Arthritis

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75%
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How MHC Treatment Options Can Help Shoulder Arthritis

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Shoulder Recovery Program

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Schedule an Appointment Today

If you want to be free from Shoulder Pain don’t hesitate to call us to book a “Your Motion Matters” Initial Case Review today, for a pain free tomorrow.

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Shoulder Pain Sydney CBD, Wynyard, Martin Place, Town Hall, Darling Harbour, Barrangaroo NSW | (02) 9934 9979

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