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Scheuermann's Disease

Scheuermann's Disease, also popularly referred to as Scheuermann’s Kyphosis, happens when the vertebrae have a different shape. Instead of being rectangular, the vertebrae have a wedge shape. The wedge-shaped bones curve forward, making the spine look rounded.

What is Scheuermann's Disease?

Scheuermann's Disease is a spinal deformity that is characterized by a substantial increase in the humpback of upper spine (also known as hunchback or roundback) due to uneven growth of vertebral column in relation to sagittal plane of the body. 

This deformity is more frequently reported in adolescents due to developmental abnormalities at the level of vertebral endplates, leading to the classic wedging appearance of the back on radiological scan.

Scheuermann's Disease

Signs and Symptoms of Scheuermann's Disease

Classic patients of Scheuermann's disease presents with symptoms like:

  • Abnormal curvature of spine
  • Neck pain
  • Backache
  • Stiffness and rigidity of neck

Causes of Scheuermann's Disease

Some pathophysiological factors that may aggravate the risk of Scheuermann's disease are:

  • osteoporosis,
  • vertebral compression fractures,
  • history of degeneration disc disease (involving thoracic vertebrae)
  • Spine malignancies.

Additionally, some congenital or acquired skeletal defects or spinal deformities can also lead to Scheuermann's disease, such as Prader-Willi Syndrome and Marfan Syndrome.

Statistics and Epidemiology related to Scheuermann's Disease

The prevalence of Scheuermann's disease in general population is 0.4 to 4.8%

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